The Evolution of Raising Beef Cattle in America
first commercial feed-yards in the early days were built by cottonseed oil-mill
operators in the 1850’s. The mills used
by-products from their milling process, such as cottonseed hulls to feed cattle
that were confined in smaller lots. An example of this early day practice was
companies like The Chickasha Cottonseed Oil Company in Chickasha, Oklahoma
which furnished feed to cattlemen who fed their livestock in pens adjacent to
the mill. Similar pens were located around other mills and were active until
Over time noticeable declines in the amount of cattle that were being produced annually prompted growers to begin feeding cattle at an earlier age and to focus attention on the feeding practices and implementing new techniques. Today, commercial cattle growing and feeding operations supply the increasing consumer requirements for beef and essential nutritional needs for high quality protein.
are some general cattle and ranching statistics from the (NCBA) that
demonstrate how much the cattle industry has evolved over recent years.
· Today, beef cattle are raised in all 50 states
· Top (5) cattle production states
o Texas: 13 million
o Nebraska: 6.8 million
o Kansas: 6.35 million
o Oklahoma: 5.3 million
o California: 5.15 million
General beef cattle numbers:
· 913,246 total cattle & calf operations
o 727,906 are beef farms and ranches. :
§ 91% are family-owned or individually-operated
§ 11% are operated by women
· 26,586 are engaged in cattle feedlot production. Of these:
o 80% are family-owned or individually operated
o 5% are operated by women
· 64,098 are milk cow dairy operations
All Cattle and Calves
· 94.8 million - up slightly from 2018 (94.3 million)
All Cattle on Feed
o 14.4 million head - 2% increase from 2018 (14.1 million)
Cows: Beef Cows
· Beef: 31.8 million - 1% increase from 2018
· Dairy: 9.35 million - 1% decrease from 2018
Cows and Heifers that Calved
o 41.1 million - 1% increase from 2018 (40.9 million)
· 30,320 Feedlots in the U.S.
o Feedlots with less than 1,000 head capacity comprise the vast majority of U.S. feeding facilities (85.5%)
o As of January 2019, there are 14.37 million head in feedlots with >1,000 head capacity, accounting for 81% of all cattle on feed.
For more information about cattle ranches or to see a list of available cattle ranches, feed yards and independent cattle farms, go to UC Heritage Brokers & Auctioneers, or call us at (877) 318-0438. United Country is the leader in rural farm & ranch sales since 1925.